Logic in the Talmud

A Thematic Compilation by Avi Sion

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Main References


Abitbol, Gabriel.  Logique du droit talmudique.  Paris: Sciences Hébraïques, 1993.

Aristotle.  The Works of Aristotle.  Ed. William David Ross.  Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952.

Avraham, Michael.  “The ‘Kal Vachomer’ as a Syllogism – Arithmetic Model” (in Hebrew).  In: Higayon: Studies in Rabbinic Logic (vol. 2, pp. 29-46).  Ed. Moshe Koppel and Ely Merzbach.  Jerusalem: Aluma, 1992.  Pp. 29-46.

Babylonian Talmud, The. Index Volume.  Ed. Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein.  London: Soncino, 1952.

Bergman, Rabbi Meir Zvi.  Gateway to the Talmud.  New York: Mesorah, 1985.

Blau, Lajos.  “Die hermeneutische Analogie in der talmudischen Litteratur par Adolf Schwarz” (Vienna, 1897).  In: Revue des Études Juives, Tome 36e.  Paris: Durlacher, 1898.  Pp. 150-159.

Carmel, Aryeh.  Aiding Talmud Study.  Rev. ed.  Jerusalem, New York: Feldheim, 1991.

Chavel, Charles B.  Encyclopedia of Torah Thoughts.  New York: Shilo, 1980.

Cohen, Rev. Dr. A., ed.

  • The Soncino Books of the Bible.  London: Soncino, 1949 (Samuel), 1950 (Kings).
  • The Soncino Chumash: The Five Books of Moses with Haphtaroth.  2nd ed.  London: Soncino, 1983.

Encyclopaedia Judaica (EJ).  Jerusalem: Keter, 1972.  Also, Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik, ed.  2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007.

Encyclopaedia Talmudit (vol. 7, in Hebrew) (ET).  Jerusalem: Yad HaRav Herzog Torah Institute, 1990.

Feigenbaum, R. Yitzchak.  Understanding the Talmud: A Systematic Guide to Talmudic Structure and Methodology.  2nd rev. ed.  Jerusalem: Darche Noam, 1988.

Guggenheimer, Heinrich.  “Logical Problems in Jewish Tradition.”  In: The Great Society: Confrontations with Judaism. A Symposium.  Ed. Philip Longworth.  London: Blond, 1966.

History of Philosophical Systems.  Vergilius Ferm, ed.  Paterson, N.J.: Littlefield Adams, 1961.

Jacobs, Louis.

  • Studies in Talmudic Logic and Methodology.  London: Vallentine Mitchell, 1961.  (Republished as paperback, 2006.)
  • “The Talmudic Argument.”  In: Essential Papers on the Talmud.  Ed. Michael Chernick.  New York: NYU Press, 1994.  Pp. 429-460. (Orig. ed. 1984.)
  • The Jewish Religion: A Companion. Oxford: OUP, 1995.
  • Religion and the Individual.  Cambridge: CUP, 1992.
  • A Tree of Life: Diversity, Flexibility and Creativity in Jewish Law.  2nd ed.  London: Littman, 2000.
  • Rabbinic Thought in the Talmud.  London: Vallentine Mitchell, 2005.

Kelemen, Lawrence.  Permission to Believe: Four Rational Approaches to God’s Existence.  Southfield, Mich.: Targum, 1990.

Kunst, Arnold.  “An Overlooked Type of Inference.”  In: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. X, Part 4, pp. 976-991 (1942).

Lalande, Pierre André.  Vocabulaire technique et critique de la philosophie.  Paris: Alcan, 1926.  Paris: PUF, 1972.

Lewittes, Mendell.  Principles and Development of Jewish Law.  USA: Bloch, 1987.

Lieberman, Saul.  “Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture.”  In: Essential Papers on the Talmud.  Ed. Michael Chernick.  New York: NYU Press, 1994.  Pp. 429-460. (Orig. ed. 1950.)

Luzzatto, R. Moshe Chaim.

  • The Ways of Reason (orig. Derech Tevunot).  Trans. Rabbis D. Sackton and Ch. Tscholkowski.  Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1989.
  • The Book of Logic (orig. Sepher haHigayon). Trans. Rabbis D. Sackton and Ch. Tscholkowski.  Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1995.

Maccoby, Hyam.  The Philosophy of the Talmud.  London: Routledge Curzon, 2002.

Maïmonide.  Terminologie Logique (Makala fi sana’at al mantik – Milot haHigayon).  Trans. Moise Ventura.  Paris: Librairie Philosophique, 1935.  Reprinted, 1982.

Maimonides, Moses.[1]

  • Guide for the Perplexed.  Trans. M. Friedlander.  2nd ed.  New York: Pardes, 1946.
  • Commentary on the Mishnah.  Trans. Fred Rosner.  Northvale, N.J.: Aronson, 1995.

Malbim, R. Meir Leibush.  Malbim on Mishley: the Commentary of Rabbi Meir Leibush Malbim on the Book of Proverbs.  Trans. R. Charles Wengrov and Avivah Gottlieb Zornberg.  Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1982.

Mielziner, Moses.  Introduction to the Talmud.  3rd ed.  New York: Bloch, 1925. (1st ed. 1894.)

Mitchell, T.C.  The Bible in the British Museum: Interpreting the Evidence.  London: British Museum, 1988.

Neusner, Jacob.  Rabbinic Literature: An Essential Guide.  Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 2005.

Plato.  The Dialogues of Plato.  Trans. Benjamin Jowett.  3rd ed.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 1892.

Rabinowich, R. Nosson Dovid.  M. Mielziner’s Talmudic Terminology.  Jerusalem: Ahavath Torah, 1988.

Ravitsky, Aviram.  “Aristotelian Logic and Talmudic Methodology: The Commentaries On The 13 Hermeneutic Principles And Their Application Of Logic.”  In: Judaic Logic.  Ed. Andrew Schumann.  Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2010.

Rodkinson, Michael L.  The Rodkinson Edition of the Babylonian Talmud (1903).  Seattle, Wash.: Kindle, 2003.

Saadia Gaon.

  • Œuvres Complètes de R. Saadia ben Iosef al-Fayyoumi (vol. 9).  Ed. Joseph Derenbourg, Hartwig Derenbourg and Mayer Lambert.  Paris: Leroux, 1897.
  • The Book of Doctrines and Beliefs.  Abridged ed.  Trans. Alexander Altmann.  Oxford: Phaidon, date not specified.
  • The Book of Beliefs and Opinions (Vol. I).  Trans. Samuel Rosenblatt.  New Haven: Yale, 1948.

Samely, Alexander.  Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002.

Shereshevsky, Esra.  Rashi: The Man and His World.  New York: Sepher-Hermon, 1982.

Scherman, R. Nosson, ed.  The Complete ArtScroll Siddur.  2nd. ed.  New York: Mesorah, 1986. [2]

Scholem, Gershom.  On the Kabbalah and Its Symbolism.  Trans. R. Manheim.  New York: Shocken, 1969.

Schroeder, Gerald L.  Genesis and The Big Bang.  New York: Bantam, 1990.

Schumann, Andrew (Ed.).  Judaic Logic.  Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2010.

Schwarz, Adolf.  Der Hermeneutische Syllogismus in der Talmudischen, Litteratur.  Vienna: Israelitisch-Theologischen Lehranstalt, 1901.

Soncino Babylonian Talmud.  Ed. Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein.  London: Soncino, 1952.

Steinsaltz, R. Adin.  The Talmud. The Steinsaltz Edition. A Reference Guide.  Trans. and ed. R. Israel V. Berman.  New York: Random, 1989.

Talmud Bavli: Tractate Bava Kamma.  Vol. I.  Ed. R. Yisroel Simcha Schorr.  Brooklyn, N.Y.: Mesorah, 2010.

Talmud Bavli: Tractate Kiddushin.  Vol. I.  Ed. R. Hersh Goldwurm.  Brooklyn, N.Y.: Mesorah, 2010.

The Jewish Encyclopedia (JE).  New York: Funk, 1968. Also, 2nd ed.  New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1901-1906.  (Also, freely available online.)

Ury, Yisrael.  Charting the Sea of Talmud: A Visual Method for Understanding the Talmud.  Jerusalem: Mosaica, 2012.


(Some additional references are mentioned in footnotes. Note that the above list is not meant as a bibliography, but simply details the books referred to within the text.)


































[1]              Maimonides is also known as the Rambam, an acrostic of his Hebrew name, R. Moshe ben Maimon.

[2]              With commentaries by the editor.

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